Sensitivity is a very painful and irritating problem that most of the people suffer from. Let us learn what is it, its causes and treatment.
What is sensitivity?
The outer layer of our tooth is enamel which is also a hard protective covering for our tooth. Due to the enamel loss, the comparatively softer layer dentin is exposed. The pain strikes through when dentin is exposed to temperature, food, beverage, air, or the rubbing of the brush as dentin contains nerve endings that stimulate. Sensitivity can be experienced with different intensity depending on the individuals.
What causes sensitivity?
There are different reasons to the rise of sensitivity. Here are some of the common ones.
Some food and beverages
More than sufficient consumption of food and beverages like carbonated drinks and acidic food can be easily responsible for enamel loss. The enamel loss is the primary reason for sensitive teeth. Therefore, you need to avoid such food and drinks even if you love them. Why do you need to distance the sweet and salty food? Well, because your smile deserves it.
If you are already a cavities patient, then the likelihood of having sensitivity increases.
Tooth demineralization - Tooth decay - Chipped tooth
Tooth enamel is the layer that contains the essential minerals. When the enamel starts getting eroded, it loses the healthy and necessary minerals that our teeth require. Hence, it results into tooth demineralization. Tooth decay can also give rise to sensitivity as the protective and mineral providing layer is lost. Microcracks or chipped tooth deducts the capacity to restrict the microbes from eliminating the tooth layer which later results in sensitivity to hot or cold food.
Habit of clenching teeth
Some people do have the habit of clenching or grinding teeth often. This leads to making tiny holes to the enamel. Therefore, it is advisable to restrict this habit.
Sensitivity may arise due to the gum infection. If you are unaware of the cause and the pain is consistently increasing, then visit your dentist explaining the oral problems you suffer.
Is it normal to have the sensitivity?
It is the problem that most adolescents and adults suffer from. However, it is the basic sign of dental diseases. It is better to treat sensitivity before it reaches the advanced level causing serious dental problems.
How do I cure sensitivity?
Due to technology development and modern research, there have been different methods to treat sensitivity. Depending on the intensity, there are three types of methods discussed here.
1. Home made remedies
- Vertical brushing
- Gargle with salted water
- Rinsing with fluoride water
- Applying honey
2. Temporary fixes
When the pain is felt for the first time, it is recommendable to use toothpaste and toothbrush specially designed for sensitive teeth. It can help reduce the pain. However, one may try these home remedies to cure sensitivity at the beginning stage. Desensitizing toothpaste that contains fluoride for sensitive teeth.
3. Other treatment methods
It is a thin plastic coat applied over the tooth for protection from plaque and tooth decay. It forms an additional layer of the tooth in order to reduce the contact of the harmful particles from the enamel. If properly cared, a dental sealant can last up to 10 years.
A dental crown is a cap that resembles the shape of the tooth. It is placed over the tooth in order to restrict the enamel loss and strengthen the tooth.
The cavity or tooth decay is cleaned then fillings are placed. It is a remineralization procedure. Teeth feelings help to restore the strength and shape of the teeth and restrict the further tooth decay. Generally, fillings are of porcelain, gold, composite resin or amalgam.